Egusi seed is botanically known as Citrullus Colocynthis.
Although the egusi melon fruit has a similar physical appearance with watermelon, yet they are both different from each other. While watermelon reddish in color, the egusi melon pulp slightly whitish in color.
Nutritional Values of Egusi (Melon Seeds)
Egusi seeds contain about 50% oil, 8.28% potassium, 34.86% protein, 1.49% calcium, 42.29% oil, 3.37ppm copper and 162.76ppm sodium.
It is also an excellent source of nutritional minerals and vitamins such as carbohydrate, protein, fat, zinc, vitamin B1 (Thiamine), dietary fibre, sulphur, magnesium, vitamins B2 (Riboflavin), niacin and manganese.
- Improves Appetite: The vitamins in melon seed provide exceptional benefits to the human body, the presence of vitamin B1 (thiamine) and vitamin B2 (riboflavin) makes the fats and oil in the body undergo the process of metabolism and is also good for improving appetite.
- Improves the Skin: The vitamins such as vitamin E as well as others help in improving the skin and making it stay healthy as well, and these vitamins in most cases are used in the production of skincare products such as soap because of its benefits to the skin. Egusi seed contains alpha-tocopherol which not only acts as an antioxidant but also as a vitamin E, as it also helps in improving the skin and prevent aging (anti-aging properties) by reducing wrinkles, dry skin and other, and is used for various dermatology purposes.
- Antioxidant properties: Owing to its antioxidant properties it helps to prevent cells from damage due to the oxidation processes in the body which helps in the prevention of ulcer and other health conditions that are caused by the oxidation processes in the body.
- Helps in Digestion: Its content of dietary fiber is also good for the body due to its ability to aid digestion thereby preventing any form of a digestive disorder such as constipation and irregular bowel movement.
- Improves Vision: Vitamin A content in Egusi, as well as the oil, makes it good for consumption because of its function in the improvement of eye vision and more.
- Reduces Inflammation: Its properties as anti-inflammatory food help to prevent swelling in the body and reduce any cause of inflammation especially that which is linked to depression.
- Promotes Heart Health: Egusi contains a high amount of fatty acids that are “unsaturated” and this makes it beneficial for the heart as it helps in reducing the chances of heart diseases by constantly reducing the blood cholesterols which are known to be bad for the heart.
- Prevents Malnutrition: Its protein content, as well as other essential minerals and vitamins, makes it a good source of food to prevent malnutrition, and in some cases, it is often grounded and used as a supplement for baby food which provides them with the nutrients they need to grow and develop.
- Good for Bones: Egusi contains minerals that are essential in the formation and development of bones such as potassium, calcium, magnesium, and even phosphorus. Its consumption can help alleviate some bone diseases and disorders.
- Prevent Anemia: Iron and other minerals such as potassium, calcium, magnesium, and even sodium help in the blood cell formation and its regulation, and help prevent anemia and other blood-related health conditions.